When auditing an aerospace business process it is important to determine the effectiveness of the process planning and the system of processes. On a periodic basis, the Lead Auditor shall complete AS1200-5 PROCESS EFFECTIVENESS ASSESSMENT REPORT (PEAR) audit (see AS9101D for guidance) to determine the status of the product realization processes (order acceptance, purchasing, design, manufacturing).
PEAR audits will be conducted by the certification body so it is important for the company to assess the product realization process before the registrar arrives.
Business process planning means that each element of the process has been determined and is effective (is able to achieve planned results). As an AS9100 auditor, we need to understand each process, 12 months of historical data, and the appropriateness of actions taken to achieve planned results. The AS9100 Internal Audits Procedure describes the company’s Internal Audit process. The procedure applies to all operations affecting or affected by the company’s QMS.
The AS9101D Standard explains the PEAR process and requirements for the PEAR audit. The key determination in a PEAR audit is to determine the Effectiveness Level of each process.
The core elements of a PEAR audit include: